Infrastructure projects come in late and over-budget.
Bad planning is leading to massive cost overruns. For example, the Transpennine Railway Upgrade was budgeted to cost less than £300m in 2011, but the scope of the project kept changing and costs have ballooned to over £10bn. Hundreds of millions of pounds of unnecessary work was done as a result and the project still has not been delivered. Failures like this are too frequent.